At one point or another, we’ve all wondered what our origins are; not our individual, biologic origin, but our collective root, our genesis as a species.
Although society has come a long way in the past few thousands of years, some believe a definite answer to this question has yet to be given.
It should come as no surprise that the ancients were just as curious as we are. They sought clarification regarding the same pressing issues we face today. For millennia, humanity has been looking for answers.
The fundamental set of questions about our origin, purpose and destination is at the core of every religious movement on Earth. The various beliefs have proposed numerous explanations but until we have an answer it would be unwise to judge their validity.
In short, the theory states that these enlightened beings came to Earth around half a million years ago. While their initial intent was to mine Earth for precious mineral resources, they eventually created modern man through genetic engineering of the existing Homo erectus.
Definitely controversial, the theory has attracted a fair share of animosity. At the same time, millions of people find it fascinating and believe it provides copious amounts of evidence to support itself.
The theory was forwarded in the 1970’s by Soviet-American author Zecharia Sitchin in his book The 12th Planet and further developed in his subsequent publications. During the 1950’s and 60’s, Sitchin became interested in Sumerian cuneiform and began visiting archaeological sites.
He was impressed with the ancient Sumerians’ advanced knowledge of cosmology and cosmogony and was impressed by the relatively sudden emergence of their well-developed society.
In all truthfulness, the Sumerians settled the marshy coasts of Eastern Arabia somewhere around 6,000 years ago and little is known about their origins.
They also had advanced mathematical, astronomical and social notions at a time when other cultures lacked them. This led Sitchin to believe their knowledge had been given to them by an advanced entity or group of entities.
Sitchin dug further and found what he was looking for in the Enuma Elish, the Babylonian Epic of Creation. Discovered in 1849 among the ruins of the Library of Ashurbanipal at Niniveh ( modern-day Iraq), the text written on seven clay tablets offers a detailed description of the formation of our solar system.
According to the Epic, Apsu ( the Sun) was the first to form and it was joined by its messenger, Mercury or Mummu, as the Sumerians called it. The next celestial body to appear was Tiamat, which has no correspondent in today’s solar system, as it was eventually destroyed in an impact of cataclysmic proportions that was essential to our creation.
The text also describes Venus ( Lahamu)and Mars ( Lahmu), orbiting between the Sun and Tiamat, followed by four more: Kishar, Anshar, Anu and Nudimmud, respectively Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.
It is worth noting that at the time, no civilization had knowledge of more than five close astronomical bodies and the distant planets of Uranus and Neptune would only be discovered in the 18th and 19th century AD.
In the young and unstable solar system, the newly-formed planets exerted strong gravitational pulls on each other and some of them developed satellites. Tiamat, for example, had eleven of them. The presence of multiple satellites orbiting a planet wouldn’t be proven until 1609, when Galileo discovered Jupiter’s four largest moons.
Next, the Enuma Elish describes how a rogue planet, “not born into the family of Apsu” approached the outskirts of the solar system. This nomad had been wandering the cold void for eons, separated by its original star.
As soon as it got here, it started making a mess of things. Sitchin hypothesized this planet is accountable for tilting Uranus and causing Neptune’s moon Triton to spin in a retrograde orbit. It is also responsible for disrupting Pluto’s orbit around one of the larger planets and turning it into a planetoid with an odd orbit.
The invading planet then set its course for Tiamat, engaging it into a “celestial battle”, as the Enuma Elish puts it. Tiamat was battered by the rogue planet’s satellites until it split in two halves. One of them became the asteroid belt.
The other settled on a new orbit and was lucky enough to be left with Tiamat’s largest satellite orbiting around it. We call that planet home, for it is Earth.
The rogue planet is none other than Nibiru.
During the celestial battle, Nibiru – the “Planet of the Crossing” passed the “seed of life” unto Earth. Thus, through destruction, creation is brought forth. The text does not specify where Nibiru came from.
Interestingly enough, modern astronomy is no stranger to panspermia, a concept that states life on Earth could have originated elsewhere in the universe and was brought here by asteroids, comets or maybe even rogue planets.
There are microorganisms here on Earth that could theoretically survive a journey through space that lasted tens of thousands, perhaps millions of years. Therefore, it stands to reason that life on Earth could have originated elsewhere.
The fact that such an advanced cosmogony had been written on the clay tablets of the ancient Sumerians proved fascinating for Sitchin. Their progressive knowledge of the cosmos is a pivotal point in his theory about the Sumerians and the Anunnaki.
Sitchin believes that the “children of Anu” had witnessed these events firsthand and had passed them on to their chosen people of Sumer, for there was no way the Sumerians could have found them out on their own.
Children of the Anunnaki
According to Sitchin’s interpretation of ancient Sumerian creation myths, the invading planet Nibiru reshaped the solar system and played a crucial role in the creation of Earth.
According to these myths, primitive single-cell organisms were “planted” on Earth and Sitchin theorizes that all life forms evolved from these “seeds”.
Life on Earth then evolved by itself up until around half a million years ago. At that time, the most advanced hominid was Homo erectus. Around the same time, the Anunnaki “came down from the heavens.”
We could assume that at the time, they populated Nibiru, which had settled in an elliptical 3,600 year orbit around the Sun. The Sumerians called this length of time a “shar”.
According to several authors, Nibiru’s passing near Earth at regular intervals was the cause of many catastrophes, including the Great Flood mentioned by many cultures around the world.
While their reason for visiting Earth is unclear, the most commonly stated purpose seemed to be mining our planet’s natural resources.
They showed an increased interest towards our planet’s gold reserves. We can only speculate why but this seems to go on par with our own fascination with the precious metal.
Sitchin believes the Sumerian Anunnaki, the Egyptian Neter, the Hebrew Anakeim, Elohim and ultimately Nephilim refer to the same alien species that descended to Earth some 430,000 years ago.
At the time, our planet was in the midst of a severe glacial period and not all regions were habitable. According to the Sumerian accounts, the Anunnaki themselves were able to live and breathe on Earth, therefore it stands to reason that they were in search of a hospitable place to establish their base of operations.
Such a place was found where the Tigris and Euphrates rivers meet, in Mesopotamia. Interestingly enough, many scholars believe this area to be the biblical location of the garden of Eden. The term “Eden” itself originates from the Akkadian/ Sumerian Edinu, meaning “home of the righteous ones”, speculates Sitchin.
For some time, the Anunnaki maintained and operated several bases on Earth. At the time, they were the only intelligent species on Earth, even if their origin lay elsewhere. They had established mining operations in several places in the Middle East and Northern Africa and their workforce consisted of the Igigi, which we can assume were lower-ranking Anunnaki themselves.
If you were wondering how exactly did the proponents of the Anunnaki theory come up with this timeline, we can tell you that most of the dates for these events come from a collection of ancient artifacts called the Sumerian King List.
The first of these cuneiform tablets was discovered in the early 20th century by German scholar Hermann Hilprecht in the ruins of one of the oldest Sumerian cities, Nippur. Several others were soon found and when pieced together, they painted a very interesting and unusual picture.
The King List deals with Sumer’s mythical past by claiming that the very origin of kingship is divine by nature and had “descended from heaven.”
It names eight great antediluvian kings that reigned for a total period of 241,200 years between the time of their landing and until the Great Flood swept the land.
All of these rulers are mythical and unconfirmed and each one reigned for a period of time far greater than the lifespan of any human. For example, the first two kings ruled for 64,800 years in the city of Eridu.
Interestingly enough, each of these mythical king’s reigns is divisible by 3,600, the exact number of years it took Nibiru to complete an orbit around the Sun and consequently pass next to our planet.
Authors such as Sitchin consider this a crucial aspect that demonstrates the link between the Anunnaki on Earth and their original civilization on Nibiru.
While some believe these figures are an exaggeration meant to overemphasize the Sumerians’ right to rule, others consider the King List an accurate account of real events that transpired on Earth before the dawn of mankind.