The Mysterious Olmec Civilization and the Giant Stone Heads
The Olmec heads are one of those archaeological artifacts that mainstream archaeology tries to avoid...
The Olmec culture is barely known today, a culture which is believed to have reigned over Mesoamerica 1200 years before the birth of Christ and is predecessor to the fabulous Maya, Inca and Aztec cultures.
The Olmec civilization, one of the first -if not the first, culture(s) of Mesoamerica were actually few settlements that history has placed in the Stone Age.
There are numerous theories surrounding the enigmatic civilization and their mysterious architectural features and statues. The most talked about objects are without a doubt, the famous Olmec Heads weighing between 20 to 40 tons and reaching up to three meters in height.
These enormous heads were carved from basalt rocks. Official theories have placed the Olmec heads as being at least 3000 years old. Most of the researcher has been performed on the Gulf Coast: Three Zapotes, La Venta, San Lorenzo and Laguna de los Cerros.
In addition to the gigantic heads, the Olmecs have left other pieces of great artistic value, such as thrones, altars and human figures and no other culture in Mesoamerica attained perfection and the level of mastery of the Olmecs when it comes to sculpting.
The question is, how did this ancient civilization that was almost in the stone age, manage such perfection that engineers today cannot replicate?
Other ancient civilizations across the globe, like the ancient Egyptians had copper chisels to carve the incredible monuments we see today. When we talk about the Olmecs, we are talking about an ancient civilization that did not know about bronze and other tools, they only had the knowledge of carving “stone” with other “stone” materials.
Seeing the majestic work done by this incredible ancient civilization, it is hard to believe what mainstream archaeology is telling us.
Another important problem raised, is how did the ancient Olmecs manage to transport these colossal heads?
Here is the interesting part: The nearest place where the ancient Olmecs could have obtained the necessary material for their colossal heads is Tuxtla Sierra, a group of volcanoes located in the southern part of Veracruz, about 70 kilometers from where the Olmec heads were originally found.
If we take in count that the stones used to carve the Olmec heads ranged in weight from 20 to 40 tons, we ask, how did they transport them? According to history, the ancient Olmces did not posses knowledge of the wheel.
Mainstream researchers have proposed several theories that are open for debate. One of those theories is the famous “wooden roller theory”.
According to researchers, the ancient Olmec civilization used wooden rollers to transport these gigantic rocks to their destination. They placed a series of wooden rollers beneath the rock to minimize friction and make it possible to transport.
The only thing is, a huge amount of wood would be necessary to achieve this. According to a recent study, 20 people were needed to transport a rock that had a weight of 0.5 tons.
Related: The Mysterious Stone Head of Guatemala: Completely Ignored by History
How many people would have been used in the past to transport a rock that had a weight of over 40 tons? The other issue is that the places where the Olmecs lived is filled with marshes and swamps which makes it impossible to transport the rocks over these wet places.
Mainstream archaeology points to the fact that Ancient Olmecs were very skilled navigators who used canoes to transport these gigantic rocks across water… a theory that doesn’t “hold much water” according to others.
In 1869 when Jose Melgar discovered the colossal sculptured heads of the Olmecs, he quickly pointed out the strange shape the heads had, they looked anything but how the natives from the region looked.
They appeared to resemble natives of the African continent. Researchers quickly pointed out that, similar mysterious faces and sculptures were discovered in Teotihuacan, atypical features for the local natives.
Mysteriously, these gigantic heads were all found buried deep beneath the surface, almost as if their creators wanted to hide these gigantic colossal heads on purpose. But why hide them?
Numerous questions remain regarding the Ancient Olmec civilization and their incredible giant heads. How did they carve them, how did they transport them and why go through all the trouble to hide them deep beneath the surface?
By Ivan Petricevic, Ancient Code